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Curriculum 0-2 Years

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The EYFS sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe.

It promotes teaching and learning to ensure 'school readiness' and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.

It is based on 7 main areas of learning and development:

    Prime Areas

  • Communication and language
  • Physical development
  • Personal, social and emotional development
  • Specific Areas

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Children develop quickly in the early years and a child’s experiences between birth and age 5 have a major impact on their future life. The EYFS guidelines ensure quality and consistency in all early years settings, so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind.

Baby with a soft toy

Early Years Curriculum - Ages 0-2 yrs

The focus at this age is on the 'prime' areas of learning. These are the basis for successful learning in the 4 'specific' areas. There will be more of an equal focus on all of the 7 areas as children grow in confidence and ability within the 3 prime areas.

Communication and Language

Crying is the primary means of communication. Babies will smile and giggle when they want more of something, or they will turn their head, shut their eyes or cry when they want less of something. Our practitioners are there to provide resources, toys, music and sounds which invite responses from babies, eg. touching, smiling, smelling, feeling, exploring and listening.

By the age of around 3 months they will start to imitate facial expressions and begin to smile. Later they will begin to make sounds, which will gradually lead to being able to say and respond to simple words and phrases.

By the age of 2 a child will typically have developed a vocabulary of around 50 words and be using 2-3 word sentences, such as 'more juice'. Communication and the development of language is encouraged in nursery through the use of books, stories, songs and rhymes.

Physical Development

Children will first learn to hold their head up. Little by little they will begin to roll, sit, crawl, stand and walk at their own pace. We provide well planned areas that give babies and young children maximum space to move and explore in safety, both indoors and outdoors.

By the time they reach 2 they will be keen to spend more time outside, with the space to run, kick a ball or play in water or sand.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Children at this age learn by exploring with their hands and mouth. They bang, throw, drop, shake and put items in their mouths. We encourage them to learn about the world through their senses by using music, rattles and paints. We use age appropriate toys and treasure baskets that stimulate babies to handle and manipulate things, such as toys with buttons to press or books with flaps to open.

Learning how to use everyday objects is an important development, such as using a spoon, drinking from a cup, getting sounds from a musical instrument. These are all encouraged through a mixture of individually planned activities and daily routines.

Babies will be encouraged to interact with other babies under careful supervision. As they grow into toddlers they will play beside - but not with - another child.

Progress Check

This is a period of extraordinarily rapid growth and development, and our practitioners will help your baby or toddler to learn through play, This includes messy play, rhymes or songs, painting and drawing, board books and treasure baskets, full of everyday things that will capture your baby's attention.

All the time the children are playing and learning under our guidance we will be observing their progress. Our observations are recorded in 'learning journeys', which you will be able to read online. By recording your child's progress and keeping regular records of the different stages reached, we are able to plan further activities - anything from holding a stick to make marks to building bricks - to extend your child's skills and knowledge.

When your child is 2 we will give you a short, written summary of their progress – the two-year-old progress check. This will help us to share and provide any extra support that may be needed.


Department for Education. Stautory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage. Setting the standards for learning, development and care for children from birth to five. Published: 3 March 2017.
EYFS_STATUTORY_FRAMEWORK_2017.pdf. [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

Search Institute 2017. ParentFurther. Understand Ages & Stages [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

Tapestry Online Learning Journal [Accessed 30 October 2017.]

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